Version: v2

Webpack loader

You can load GraphQL queries over .graphql files using Webpack. The package @graphql-tools/webpack-loader comes with a loader easy to setup and with some benefits:

  1. Do not process GraphQL ASTs on client-side
  2. Enable queries to be separated from logic

In the example below, we create a new file called currentUser.graphql:

query CurrentUserForLayout {
currentUser {
login
avatar_url
}
}

You can load this file adding a rule in your webpack config file:

rules: [
{
test: /\.(graphql|gql)$/,
exclude: /node_modules/,
loader: '@graphql-tools/webpack-loader'
}
]

As you can see, .graphql or .gql files will be parsed whenever imported:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { Apollo } from 'apollo-angular';
import currentUserQuery from './currentUser.graphql';
@Component({ ... })
class ProfileComponent {
constructor(
apollo: Apollo
) {
apollo.query({ query: currentUserQuery })
.subscribe(result => { ... });
}
}

Optional: Install and configure a custom Webpack configuration (when using Angular CLI)

Install @angular-builders/custom-webpack with the following command:

npm i -d @angular-builders/custom-webpack

(Or alternative command when using yarn or another package-manager)

Then create a Webpack-configuration file webpack.config.js in your application root containing your Webpack configuration (as listed above):

module.exports = {
module: {
rules: [
{
test: /\.(graphql|gql)$/,
exclude: /node_modules/,
loader: '@graphql-tools/webpack-loader'
}
]
}
}

After that, create your type-definition for your .graphql files, so TypeScript will transform them into importable objects with src/@types/graphql.d.ts:

declare module '*.graphql' {
import { DocumentNode } from 'graphql'
const schema: DocumentNode
export = schema
}

Next, update your TSConfig (tsconfig.json):

{
...
"files": [
...
"src/@types/graphql.d.ts"
],
"compilerOptions": {
"typeRoots": [
...
"src/@types"
]
}
}

Finally you have to manipulate your angular.json to accept your customized Webpack configuration:

{
...
"projects": {
"<Your project name here>": {
...
"architect": {
"build": {
...
"builder": "@angular-builders/custom-webpack:browser",
"options": {
"customWebpackConfig": {
"path": "./webpack.config.js",
"replaceDuplicatePlugins": true
},
}
}
"serve": {
...
"builder": "@angular-builders/custom-webpack:dev-server",
}
}
}
}
}

(Based on How to resolve import for the .graphql file with typescript and webpack)

Jest

Jest can't use the Webpack loaders. To make the same transformation work in Jest, use @graphql-tools/jest-transform.

Fragments

You can use and include fragments in .graphql files and have webpack include those dependencies for you, similar to how you would use fragments and queries with the gql tag in plain JS.

#import "./UserInfoFragment.graphql"
query CurrentUserForLayout {
currentUser {
...UserInfo
}
}

See how we import the UserInfo fragment from another .graphql file (same way you'd import modules in JS).

And here's an example of defining the fragment in another .graphql file.

fragment UserInfo on User {
login
avatar_url
}